In this article we will explain how to transform an entire object into Base64 string and vice versa using DataWeave 2 in Mule 4.
Base64 is an encoding and decoding process of converting binary data to an ASCII (American Standard for Information Interchange) text format and vice versa. It is used to transfer data over a medium that only supports ASCII formats, such as email messages on Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension (MIME) and Extensible Markup Language (XML) data.
Mule 4 Binaries module contains helper functions for working with binaries. In order to use this module, you must import it to your DataWeave code. You can do this by adding the following line: import * from dw::core::Binaries to the header of your DataWeave script.
toBase64 function transforms a binary value into a Base64 string (Check Figure 1).
Figure 1: toBase64 function
fromBase64 function transforms Base64 string into a binary value (Check Figure 2).
Figure2: formBase64 function
The problem appears when we want to transform an entire object to Base64 string. For example, when we want to convert JSON Object to Base64, the function toBase64() expects arguments of type binary, but we are sending arguments of type Object and that will cause an error (Check Figure 3).
Figure 3: Generated error
You can solve this problem by converting the Object to String | Binary, and in order to achieve that we can use DataWeave function write().
write(Any, String, Object): String | Binary
write() DataWeave function returns a string or binary with the serialized representation of the value in the specified format (MIME type). This function can write in a different format than the input. Note that the data must be validated in that new format or an error will occur.
- value – The value to write. The value can be of any supported data type.
- contentType – A supported format (or MIME type) to write. Default: application/dw.
- writerProperties – Optional: Sets writer configuration properties.
We can combine write() and toBase64() function in a single transform message component and transform the entire object into Base64 String | Binary (Refer to Figure 4).
Figure 4: Transform message
To transform fromBase64 entire object we should use fromBase64() function and read() function to read the payload as type JSON.
read(String | Binary, String, Object): Any
read() DataWeave function reads a string or binary and returns parsed content.
This function can be useful if the reader cannot determine the content type by default.
- stringToParse – The string or binary to read.
- contentType – A supported format (or content type.) Default: application/dw.
- readerProperties – Optional: Sets reader configuration properties.
We can combine read() and fromBase64() function in a single transform message component and transform the entire Base64 object to JSON object (Check Figure 5).
Figure 5: Transform message
This was an explanation of how to transform an entire object into Base64 string and vice versa in Mule 4 and DataWeave 2. If you need more information about it, feel free to contact us.